Throughout history, Russia has produced its share of world-class architects. From the multiple century-old St Basil’s Cathedral to contemporary House on Mosfilmovskaya, the world has been mesmerized with stunning Russian architecture. In this article, we are going to look at the top five 18th and 19th century architects from Russia.
#1 Vladimir Grigoryevich Shukhov
Vladimir was born on 28 August 1853 in Graivaron, Russian Empire. He graduated from Imperial Moscow Technical School with distinction and a gold medal. He was renowned for his groundbreaking works on new methods of analyzing structural engineering. His work led to innovations in the industrial design of the world’s first hyperboloid structures, tensile structures, grid shell structures, pipelines, oil reservoirs, ships, and barges. During his career. He had worked on projects including the Polibino Tower, Adziogol Lighthouse, Shukhov Tower and the Oka River Tower. Some of his signature designs include Shukhov Rotunda, Pushkin Museum, GUM and the Kiyevsky railway station.
#2 Roman Klein
Roman Ivanovich Klein was born in 1858 in Moscow. He went to the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture, and Architecture from 1873-1874 and the Imperial Academy of Arts from ( 1877-1882) and also trained with Vladimir Sherwood for two years on the construction site of the State Historical Museum from (1875-1877). He became an independent architect in 1888. A majority of his career revolved around a 16-year-old project on the Pushkin Museum. The exterior and interior designs are his own, undisputed work. His work also extended to commercial buildings with the completion of some high profile buildings like the TsUM Store and also a number of banks and office blocks all around the Moscow District.
#3 Lev Rudnev
Lev Vladimirovich Rudnev was born in 1885 in Opochka. He went to the Imperial Academy of Arts and studied painting and architecture. Later, in 1915, he became a certified specialist in the art of architecture. He took part in reconstructing the cities of Voronezh, Stalingrad, Riga, and Moscow after the end of the Second World War. Some of his best work includes the main building of the Moscow State University, the Palace of Culture and Science in Warsaw, Poland, Buildings of Latvian Academy of Sciences in Riga and the House of the Government of the Azerbaijan Soviet Social Republic in Baku.
#4 Ivan Fomin
Ivan Aleksandrovich Fomin was born in Oryol in 1872. He joined the Imperial Academy of Arts but was expelled in 1896. After completing his studies in France, he worked under Lev Kekushev and Fyodor Schechtel. His work spans across Art Nouveau and Neoclassicism. Some of his best-known works include the Government of Ukraine Building, Polovtzov Mansion, Lomonosov Bridge and Ministry of Railways (Tank Engine Building).
#5 Vladimir Shchuko (not to be confused with the first guy)
Vladimir Alekseyevich Shchuko was born in 1878 in Tambov to a military family. He joined Imperial Academy of Arts in 1896 and graduated in 1904. He was known for his giant order apartment buildings that have no trace of Moderne. He later adopted modernist ideas after the Russian Revolution of 1917. He developed his own version of modernized neoclassicism. He worked on some high profile projects like the Lenin Library and the Moscow Metro Station. The Finland Station and the Russian State library are two of his most famed works.
In the 18th and 19th centuries, these 5 architects were the ones that turned the wheel of modern architecture in the land of Russia. Without them, some of these beautiful buildings wouldn’t have existed.
Author Bio: Manjusha M Nair is a member of the Digital Marketing Team at Advenser Engineering Services. At AEC industry, Advenser provides comprehensive BIM Services. She holds a Bachelor’s Degree in Information Technology (IT)). Music, books and documentaries are some of the things that she spends her free time on.