The educational system of Russia is provided by the state and regulated by the Ministry of Education and Science. This prevailing framework is within the territorial jurisdiction of the state’s authorities. As of 2005, the country reached an increased percentage of its gross product from 2.7% up to 3.8 % in 2013. In 1990, the Soviet Union promulgated a 10-year basic education and revised to 11-year school training. The education to these state-owned secondary schools is completely free and the tertiary level accommodates free for the first year. Nonetheless, this entails reservation and only few can enjoy the privilege. Research has shown that male and female for the secondary level shares equal opportunities in secondary level while women in the tertiary level excelled over 57% than men.
The country’s literacy rate conducted by the Central Intelligence Agency in 2015 showed 99.7% for men and 99.6 % for women. Estimated 54% of the adults in Russia are aging 25 to 64 years old has attained tertiary education proving that the country is the world’s second-largest country with high literacy rate. 47. 7 % of the population finished the secondary education, 26.5 % for middle school, and 8.1% for elementary including intermediate school. These significant figures proved international standards for the countries excellent background in the field of education. And to know well their system, here are the top 10 facts you have to know about the education in Russia.
1. Higher education in Russia is divided into four levels
The higher education comprises incomplete higher education which at least two years leading to the Diploma of Incomplete Higher Education, four years to any program leading to Bakalar degree, post-graduate studies of one to two years leading to the Specialist Diploma and lastly, the scientific degrees which requires three years and qualifications from the post-graduate studies.
2. The academic year is from September to June.
This duration is required for the periods of learning and completing your degrees or programs. Whenever you failed, special classes are administered to accommodate the complete basic you need.
3. The language of instruction is Russian.
Although English is an international language, their education dominantly uses Russian as a medium for instruction. However, the country still does not discourage students to speak English as long as they have learned in school.
4. Compulsory education begins at age 6 and ends at age 15
These stages in your life are very important because you are a privilege to study in school. You are still in your parent’s custody so it is important to achieve an education at these ages.
5. The structure of pre-higher education
In primary general school, pupils aging six to ten are sent to study. For basic general secondary school, students are at age ten to fifteen and upper secondary school ranges fifteen to seventeen. Lastly, the vocational course begins at fifteen to nineteen.
6. The Ministry of Education and Science’s jurisdiction.
The country’s higher education is controlled by state and non-state higher education institutions. Roughly half of the higher institution students pay for their studies as well as students in non-state higher education institutions.
7. Admission in Medicine requires completion of upper secondary school
The admission to Medicine requires completion of the upper secondary school validated by the Certificate of School Complete General Education, School Leaving Certificate. Then you’ll proceed to the first stage of Medical studies which lasts for six years.
8. A Specialist Diploma is earned
This accolade is earned through completing at least one year of studying after the Bakalar, and five to six years of straight schooling beyond the Certificate of School Complete General Education. The Specialist Diploma is a professional requirement which permits to precede professional practice to doctoral programs.
9. A Magister degree is recognized after two years of full-time studies
The Magister degree is bestowed after successful accomplishment of two years of full-time education and entails preparation and resistance for thesis and a final examination.
10. The DoktorNauk
The DoktorNauk exemplifies additional scientific research under the KandidatNauk and is awarded after the public defense of a dissertation has been successfully completed.
Notably, the Federal Agency for Education in Russia finances 338 state Higher Education Institutions while the rest is funded by other Ministries or local authorities in the country.
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