Soviet and Russian national anthem music and lyrics

Soviet and Modern Russian National Anthem History and Lyrics, Music mp3 Youtube video

Every country has three main symbols which are the State Emblem, the National Flag, and the National Anthem.

An anthem is an ancient Greek word which comes from the verb “sing” and “glorify”. “Glorify” means “to make public” and “to honour the memory”. An anthem differs from other songs by that it’s written in a definite, stated for many years form.

The first melodies and songs similar to the National Anthem began to appear in Russia in XVIII century. “Preobrazhenskiy March” was created by unknown composer in the epoch of Peter the Great.

It was often played at the different ceremonies. Although it wasn’t essentially the National Anthem, foreigners associated it with Russia.

In the epoch of Katherine II the polonaise “Let the Thunder of Victory Rumble!” (“Grom pobedy, razdavaysya!”) was written. It was performed for the first time at the celebrations dedicated to taking fortress Izmail in Petersburg in 1791. It made a big impression on the audience. It had been played at the most important moments of state ceremonies since then. It was called “The Russian triumphant hymn”. “The glory of our God in Zion” can be called the first Russian National Anthem. The Emperor Pavel I ordered to make it up for ceremonies of all levels. The Emperor was supposed to be at them. The Emperor’s appearance meant that there were state occasions and the solemn music preceded them.


In 1816 the English National Anthem “God save the King” was played for the first time to greet the Emperor at the parade in Warsaw. The melody was changed and the choir was singing in Russian. Alexander I enjoyed the Anthem and it got a status of an official National Anthem. It was called “The Prayer of Russians”. The poet Zhukovskiy made up the lyrics. The music was adapted.

Nicholas I, who advocated everything that is Russian, ordered to make up a new anthem. It was called “The Prayer of the Russians” like the previous one. Then it got a new name “God Save the Tsar!”.

In 1917 the Russian Provisional Government approved a new anthem. It was called “The Worker’s Marseillaise”. The lyrics were different from the French original. In a year “The Internationale” became an anthem. It was approved as “The State Anthem of the Soviet Union” in 1922. A new National Anthem the lyrics of which were written by Mikhalkov S.V. and El-Registan G.A. was approved in 1944. The music made up by Aleksandrov in 1929 and played at party events since 1933 was used in it. Since the epoch of Khrushchev the Anthem had been performed without the lyrics. Brezhnev ordered Mikhalkov to change the lyrics. The new anthem had been played with new lyrics. This anthem sank into oblivion after the dissolution of the Soviet Union.

From 1991 to the end of 2000 the anthem was without the lyrics. The music “The Patriotic Song” by Glinka was used in it. The old anthem with the music by Aleksandrov and the rewritten lyrics by Mikhalkov has been played since 2000.

Russian National Anthem Youtube music video

Lyrics:

Россия — священная наша держава,
Россия — любимая наша страна.
Могучая воля, великая слава —
Твоё достоянье на все времена!

Славься, Отечество наше свободное,
Братских народов союз вековой,
Предками данная мудрость народная!
Славься, страна! Мы гордимся тобой!

От южных морей до полярного края
Раскинулись наши леса и поля.
Одна ты на свете! Одна ты такая —
Хранимая Богом родная земля!

Славься, Отечество наше свободное,
Братских народов союз вековой,
Предками данная мудрость народная!
Славься, страна! Мы гордимся тобой!

Широкий простор для мечты и для жизни
Грядущие нам открывают года.
Нам силу даёт наша верность Отчизне.
Так было, так есть и так будет всегда!

Славься, Отечество наше свободное,
Братских народов союз вековой,
Предками данная мудрость народная!
Славься, страна! Мы гордимся тобой!

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