Krasnoyarsk is located on both coasts of the Yenisei. It was founded as a stockaded town in the place of confluence of the Kacha and Yenisei for protection of this land from raids of Tatars. This is a land of the outstanding Russian painter Vasily Ivanovich Surikov. The topics of his pictures “Vzyatie snezhnogo gorodka”,“Pokorenie Sibiri” and others were casted by Siberia. In the first half of the XIX century Krasnoyarsk was becoming a center of Siberian gold mining. The granite-syenitic buttes, Stolby, which represent about 80 groups of rocks of unusual form, appeared as a result of weathering, are located in the national park Stolby that is near Krasnoyarsk.
Irkutsk is a historic city. It’s considered to be a city museum. At first it was a center of an agricultural region of Eastern Siberia. There are many houses of the XIX century decorated with wooden carvings in the building up of an old part of the city. Decembrist Volkonsky and Trubetzkoy’s houses remain. Historically established ensembles of the most ancient part of the city – Spasskaya Church (1710, an old stone building of Eastern Siberia), the Cathedral of The Epiphany (1723), the Roman Catholic Church, and the West-Siberian department of the Russian Geographical Society are of interest.
Titovskaya hill and Lake Kenon are within the precincts of the city. A famous chain of Ivano-Arahleyskie Lakes, joined with each other by streams, stretches out along the northwestern slopes of the Yablonoi Mountains in the vicinity of Chita. The emblem of this city was confirmed by Emperor Nicholas II in 1913. One of the famous architectural monuments is the merchant-gold-miner Shumovy’s former palace (the project of this building received a Grand Prix award in Paris in 1911). The Decembrists’ Church, a unique architectural monument of the XVIII century, is the only wooden church with two altars remaining in Eastern Siberia.
Yakutsk is located in the permafrost zone. Yakutsk State Museum of history and culture of the people of the North named after (n.a.) Em. Yaroslavskiy is one of the oldest museums of Siberia founded in 1891. This city was a point of residence of political exiles, first of which were participants of Razin’s Rebellion and Moscow streltsy who supported tsarevna Sophia in the political strike with tzar Peter I. Later the Raskolniki-Old Believers, participants of the rebellion at the Senate Square in the December of 1825, and many other politically unreliable citizenry were deported there. Yakutsk was an initial point of many Russian pathfinders’ campaigns and almost all scientific expeditions to the East.
Norilsk is one of 5 most northern cities in the world. It enters one of the 10 most ecologically polluted cities of the world. The main historic monument of the city is “The first house of Norilsk” built by Nickolai Yrvanzev in 1921. The rise of modern Norilsk began with this house. The Sotnikov-Urvantsev’s expedition was held in 1919. It was considered to have been the main point of a systematical geologic survey in the region of Norilsk. A map of the Norilsk region was constructed by the geologists’ survey. Coastal configurations, topographies, an extent of glacierization, the vegetable and animal world, climatic particular qualities, and surrounding ice regime of Severnaya Zemlya became famous after the expedition under command of Captain V.I. Voronin in 1930.